A Logical Approach To Sentence Correction
(This is one of a series of GMAT tips that we offer on our blog.)
There is probably no more illogical discipline in academia than English grammar, in which seemingly the only rule is that there are generally several exceptions to each rule. Alas, as English has become a primary language of the business world, the GMAT requires examinees to be proficient in a number of grammatical devices through the Sentence Correction style of question, which comprises 1/3 of the Verbal section of the exam. Fear not (or, maybe fear slightly), however, as the GMAT focuses on a limited scope of the English language, and the Veritas Prep verbal syllabus teaches those particular skills thoroughly.
Because of the seemingly-illogical nature of the English language, it would seem illogical that some of the more-difficult GMAT Sentence Correction questions can be answered using logic. Say, for example, that you narrowed your answer choices down to the following:
B) Gary mistook the car, which was backfiring, for a gunshot.
D) Gary mistook the sound of a backfiring car for a gunshot.
While neither may appear to have a distinct grammatical error, answer choice B is simply illogical – a gunshot is a sound (or event) while a car is an object, and therefore one could not logically mistake the car for the gunshot. D, which correctly equates the sound of the car with the sound of the gunshot, is an accurate sentence, and is thus correct.
How can you use this to your advantage? Consider this — it doesn’t behoove business schools to admit students based upon their knowledge of obscure and complicated English language idioms, but it does make sense for schools to admit students who can think logically. While certain elements of grammar are distinctly testable, and you need to understand them thoroughly, if you don’t see an opportunity to employ one of the major error types, your time may be better spent by considering the logic of the remaining options than by worrying over tiny constructions of idiomatic grammar.
For more GMAT prep tips and resources, visit Veritas Prep.